ASSIGNMENT 7-•?((¯°·._.• gнυѕℓ и∂ ωυ∂нυ •._.·°¯))؟•

GHUSL is done in two forms. Obligatory accepted form & Sunnah preferrable form.

As for the obligatory and acceptable form it is as follows:

1. Form the intention to purify oneself from impurity: janaabah (impurity following sexual discharge), menses or nifaas (postpartum bleeding).

2. Wash the entire body with water once, making sure that the water reaches the roots of the hair and the places that it cannot reach easily, such as the armpits and backs of the knees, as well as rinsing the mouth and nose, according to the correct scholarly opinion.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (1/423):

The evidence that this ghusl is valid is the words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning): “If you are in a state of Janaaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body)” [al-Maa’idah 5:6]. Allaah did not mention anything apart from that. If a person washes his entire body once, then it is true to say that he has purified himself. End quote.

As for the complete form, it is as follows:

  • Form the intention in the heart to purify oneself from major impurity: janaabah (impurity following sexual discharge), menses or nifaas (postpartum bleeding).

  • Then say Bismillah and wash the hands three times, then wash any dirt from the private part.

  • Then do wudoo’ as for prayer, a complete wudoo’.

  • Then pour water over the head three times, and rub the hair so that the water reaches the roots of the hair.

  • Then wash the body, making sure that the water reaches all parts, starting with the right side of the body and then the left, and rubbing it with the hands so that the water reaches the entire body.

WUDOO as per the Sunnah of the Prophet(saw), the details of which are as follows:

  • You must have the intention of purifying yourself and removing impurity. The intention should not be spoken out loud for its place is in the heart. This applies to all acts of worship.

  • You should say Bismillaah.

  • Then you should wash your hands three times.

  • Then you should rinse your mouth three times, swirling the water around inside your mouth, and rinse your nose three times, blowing the water out and using the left hand to remove the water from your nose.

  • You should wash you face three times, from the hairline to the jawbone and chin, and from ear to ear. A man should wash the hair of his beard because it is part of the face. If his beard is thin he has to wash it inside and out, and if it is thick and covers the skin, he should wash the surface of it only and run his wet fingers through it.

  • Then he should wash his arms up to the elbows three times. The arm extends from the fingertips, including the nails, to the lower part of the upper arm. It is essential to remove anything stuck to the hands before washing them, such as dough, mud, paint, etc, that could prevent the water from reaching the skin.

  • Then after that he should wipe his head and ears once with fresh water, not the water left over from washing his arms. The way in which the head is to be wiped is that you put your wet hands at the front of your head and bring them to the back of your head, then bring them back to the place where you started. Then put your index fingers in your ears and wipe the back of the ears with your thumbs. With regard to a woman’s hair, she should wipe it whether it is loose or braided from the front of her head to the roots of the hair at the nape of her neck, but she does not have to wipe the entire length of her hair.

  • Then you should wash your feet three times up to the ankles, namely the bones at the bottom of the leg.

  • This must be done in order, so one washes the face first, then the arms, then wipes the head, then washes the feet, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ in this order.

  • This must be done continuously, i.e., the parts of the body must be washed one after the other with no lengthy interruption between washing one part and the next.



ASSIGNMENT 4-“Characteristics of the Mu’minoon (believers)”


A believer is one who deserves Allah’s pleasure and for him there will be a good life and happiness in this world and in the Hereafter. The believer is the one in whom the following characteristics are found:

 1. Doing what are lawful and righteous deeds.  

2. Having good morals and treating people with respect.

 3. Having a purified heart and soul, neither hating others nor being hypocritical.

 4. Spending whatever he has out of his wealth in the cause of Allah i.e. in the fields of charity.  

5. Being offensive to no one.  

6. Causing no harm to others.

 7. Respecting other people’s rights.  

8. These characteristics are only found in truly faithful persons who know Allah well and fear His punishment because those who know Him do not think much of this world’s life, and wish only to achieve the performance of as many good deeds as possible in it, in order to be rewarded in the life hereafter.




  • The first step in preparing for salat is replying to Adhan and making the du’aa after adhan.

  • Next do a dedicated wudu. The ablution should be done only after doing Isti’adha -“Seeking Refuge with Allah”. Learn the sunnah way of wudu. The Prophet (saw) said: “The prayer of anyone is not perfect unless he performs ablution perfectly.” [Refer this link for Sunan way of doing Ghusl and Wudhu-]

  • Avoiding /prayer in unseemly situations where food is present, when feeling sleepy and when prompted by the call of nature.

  • Removing what distracts a worshiper like Noise, picture on the prayer mat, praying around somebody who is talking.

  • Shaytan is our biggest enemy. During Salat, his incessant whisper keeps you from concentrating. One must always seek protection from him. By saying “Audhu billahi minashaitanir rajeem”  before salat. 

  • One should know what one is reading in the prayer. Pondering and reflecting upon the Quran’s verses brings more concentration to your salat. When one reflects upon the verses of Allah one becomes affected and even sheds tears.

  • Pray as it is your last salat on earth. By remembering death, one is more likely to concentrate better in the prayer. If you just imagine that the angel of death is standing next to you, there is a guaranteed instantaneous khushu but keep it under control don’t palpitate in fear and hurt yourself.

  • Strive to avoid yawning during Salat. The Prophet (saw) said : “Yawning is from Satan, so if one of you yawns, he should try his best to stop it; for when anyone of you yawns, Satan laughs at him”.


Hypocrisy means making an outward display of Islam whilst inwardly concealing kufr.

Ayah’s about hyprocrisy in Quran:

“Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them[al-Nisaa’ 4:145]

“(They are) swaying between this and that, belonging neither to these nor to those; and he whom Allaah sends astray, you will not find for him a way (to the truth — Islam)”[al-Nisaa’ 4:143]

“And when it is said to them: ‘Come to what Allaah has sent down and to the Messenger (Muhammad),’ you (Muhammad) see the hypocrites turn away from you (Muhammad) with aversion” [al-Nisaa’ 4:61]

“And when they meet those who believe, they say: “We believe,” but when they are alone with their Shayaateen (devils — polytheists, hypocrites), they say: “Truly, we are with you; verily, we were but mocking. Allaah mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doing to wander blindly”[al-Baqarah 2:14-15]

“And when it is said to them (hypocrites): ‘Believe as the people (followers of Muhammad, Al-Ansaar and Al-Muhaajiroon) have believed,’ they say: ‘Shall we believe as the fools have believed?’ Verily, they are the fools, but they know not”[al-Baqarah 2:13]

Some characteristics of hypocrites:

  • when he speaks, he lies;

  • when he makes a treaty, he betrays it;

  • when he makes a promise, he breaks it;

  • when he quarrels, he resorts to insults.

  • Their concern is with appearances and fancy speech whilst they are inwardly corrupt.

“There are four (characteristics), whoever has all of them is a complete hypocrite, and whoever has some of them has some element of hypocrisy, unless he gives it up: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a treaty, he betrays it; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; when he quarrels, he resorts to insults.”(Narrated by Muslim, 53)





Did you know you have seven places where you seek As-Samee’ with supplications in your prayer?

  • You can do so after the first takbeer.

  • On some occasions before bowing.

  • Also while bowing.

  • When you rise from bowing.

  • During your prostrations.

  • Between the two prostrations.

  • And at the very end of the prayer before you say your Salaam.

Make use of these times to ask for whatever (halaal) you want in this life and the next.


  • Quran 97:4

“The angels and the spirit [Jibril] descend in waves in it [Laylatul Qadr], by the permission of their Lord, with every matter.”

  • Quran 44:1-4

“Ha mim. By the clarifying book! Verily We revealed it in a blessed night. Lo, We are ever warning! In it is every decided matter made distinct [i.e, transcribed and delineated].”

  • Sahih BukhariVolume 3, Book 32, Number 240

Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit: The Prophet came out to inform us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling with each other. So, the Prophet said, “I came out to inform you about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan).”

  • Sahih BukhariVolume 3, Book 32, Number 237

Narrated ‘Aisha: Allah’s Apostle used to practice Itikaf in the last ten nights of Ramadan and used to say, “Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan .”

  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 32, Number 241

Narrated Aisha: With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers.

  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 34:

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not to show off) then all his past sins will be forgiven.”



(It should cover all the body apart from whatever has been exempted).

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful” [al-Ahzaab 33:59]  This aayah clearly states that it is obligatory to cover all of a woman’s beauty and adornments and not to display any part of that before non-mahram men (“strangers”) except for whatever appears unintentionally, in which case there will be no sin on them if they hasten to cover it up.


(it should not be an adornment in and of itself).

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “… and not to show off their adornment…” [al-Noor 24:31]. The general meaning of this phrase includes the outer garment, because if it is decorated it will attract men’s attention to her.


(It should be thick and not transparent or “see-thru”)

– because it cannot cover properly otherwise. Transparent or see-thru clothing makes a woman more tempting and beautiful.\


(It should be loose, not tight so that it describes any part of the body).

The purpose of clothing is to prevent fitnah (temptation), and this can only be achieved if clothes are wide and loose.Tight clothes, even if they conceal the colour of the skin, still describe the size and shape of the body or part of it, and create a vivid image in the minds of men.


(It should not be perfumed with bakhoor or fragrance)

There are many ahaadeeth which forbid women to wear perfume when they go out of their houses. 

Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Any woman who puts on perfume then passes by people so that they can smell her fragrance, is an adulteress.”


(It should not resemble the clothing of men)

Abu Hurayrah said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed the man who wears women’s clothes, and the woman who wears men’s clothes.”


(It should not resemble the dress of kaafir women).

It is stated in sharee’ah that Muslims, men and women alike, should not resemble or imitate the kuffaar with regard to worship, festivals or clothing that is specific to them.


(It should not be a garment of fame and vanity).

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever wears a garment of fame and vanity in this world, Allaah will clothe him in a garment of humiliation on the Day of Resurrection, then He will cause Fire to flame up around him.’”

(Hijaab al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah, p. 54-67).