ASSIGNMENT 8-YOU WILL SEE YOUR LORD IN HEREAFTER

Proofs from Quran:

“Some faces that Day shall be Naadirah (shining and radiant). Looking at their Lord (Allaah)” [al-Qiyaamah :22-23]

“There they will have all that they desire and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic” [Qaaf 50:35]

“For those who have done good is the best reward and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah)” [Yoonus 10:26]

“For those who have done good is the best reward and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah)” [Yoonus 10:26]

“Nay! Surely, they (evil doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day” [al-Mutafiffoon 83:15]

With regard to the evidence in the Sunnah:

1 – Al-Bukhaari (6088) and Muslim (267) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that some people said: “O Messenger of Allaah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?” The Messenger of Allaah said, “Do you doubt that you see the moon on the night when it is full?” They said, “No, O Messenger of Allaah.” He said, ‘Do you doubt that you see the sun when there is no cloud?” They said, “No, O Messenger of Allaah.” He said, “You will see Him likewise…”

2 – Also in al-Saheehayn (al-Bukhaari, 6883; Muslim, 1002), it is narrated that Jareer ibn ‘Abd-Allaah said: “We were sitting with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), looking at the moon on the night of the fourteenth (of the month). He said, ‘You will see your Lord with your own eyes just as you are looking at this (moon), without any doubt that you are seeing Him.’”

3 – al-Bukhaari (4500) and Muslim (6890) narrated from Abu Moosa that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Two gardens of silver, their vessels and everything in them, and two gardens of gold, their vessels and everything in them. And there will be nothing between the people and their seeing their Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, except the veil of pride concealing His Face in the Paradise of ‘Adan.”

4 –Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh (266) from Suhayb, according to whom the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the people of Paradise enter Paradise, Allaah will say, ‘Do you want anything more?’ They will say, ‘Have You not brightened our faces, admitted us to Paradise and saved us from Hell?’ Then the veil will be lifted and they will not have seen anything more dear to them than looking upon their Lord, may He be glorified and exalted. This is what is meant by ‘even more.’”

SOURCE: https://islamqa.info/en/14525

ASSIGNMENT 9-JIHAAD

 

JIHAAD is not just physical fighting, there are various kinds, some of which are obligatory upon everyone who is accountable, and some are obligatory upon the community as a whole – if some people undertake them then the rest are relieved of the obligation. And some kinds of jihad are mustahabb (actions that are neither encouraged nor discouraged).

Jihad al-nafs (jihad against one’s self) and jihad al-Shaytaan (jihad against the Shaytaan) are obligatory upon everyone who is accountable.

Jihad against the munaafiqeen (hypocrites), kaafirs (disbelievers) and leaders of oppression and innovation is obligatory upon the community as a whole.

Physical jihad (i.e. fighting) against the kaafirs may become an individual obligation upon everyone who is able to do it in certain circumstances.

 

Jihad al-nafs (jihad against one’s self) is of four kinds: 

1 – Striving to learn the teachings of Islam.

2 – Striving to make oneself act in accordance with what one has learned. 

3 – Striving to call others to Islam, teaching those who do not know about it. 

4 – Striving to bear patiently the difficulties involved in calling people to Allaah and the insults of people; bearing all that for the sake of Allaah. 

 

Jihad against the Shaytaan is of two types: 

1 – Warding off the doubts that shaytaan stirs up to undermine faith. 

2 – Striving against him to ward off the corrupt desires that he provokes. 

The first jihad is followed by certainty of faith, and the second is followed by patience.

 

Jihad against the leaders of oppression and innovation is of three kinds: 

1 – Jihad with one’s hand (i.e., physical jihad, fighting) if one is able.

2 – If that is not possible then it should be with one’s tongue (i.e., by speaking out).

3 – If that is not possible then it should be with one’s heart (i.e., by hating the evil and feeling that it is wrong). 

 

Jihad against the kaafirs and hypocrites is of four kinds:

1 – With the heart.

2 – With the tongue.

3 – With one’s wealth.

4 – With oneself.

Jihad against the kaafirs is more along the lines of physical fighting whereas jihad against the hypocrites is more along the lines of using words and ideas. 

 

Physical jihad against the kaafirs becomes obligatory in four cases, which are: 

1 – When the Muslim is present in a jihad situation.

2 – When the enemy has come and attacked a Muslim land

3 – When the ruler mobilizes the people, they must respond.

4 – When a person is needed and no one else can do the task except him. 

 

Source:  https://islamqa.info/en/20214/