Assignment 32 – Bidah(innovation)

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) told us that: “Every innovation is going astray, and every going astray will be in the Fire.” Narrated by Muslim (867) and an-Nasaa’i (1578) 

The scholars have explained that even though every innovation is misguidance, it is also a kind of sin, and sins vary in degree, depending on the extent to which they are contrary to Islamic teaching.

Ash-Shaatibi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It was narrated that innovation is prohibited in general terms, and it is described as misguidance, as in the hadith: “Beware of newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation, every innovation is a going astray, and every going astray will be in the Fire.” This is general in meaning and applies to every innovation.

But this gives rise to the question: is every innovation to be judged in the same manner, or not? 

We say: it is established in the principles of Islam (usool) that shar‘i rulings fall into five categories:

  • If we take away three of them [namely: waajib (obligatory), mandoob (encouraged) and mubaah (permissible)

  • what is left is the ruling of makrooh (disliked) & the ruling of haraam (prohibited).

Therefore we should think of innovation as falling into two categories: some are prohibited innovations and some are disliked innovations. That is because innovation comes under the heading of disallowed things, and disallowed things are either makrooh (disliked) or haraam (prohibited).



Assignment 31 – Pillars & Components of Iman

A supplication of  the sunnah asking for al-birr, is the dua for travelling; make sure you apply it each time you travel! 

Iman: Faith

Islamic scholars have defined iman as “to believe with one’s heart, to confess with one’s tongue and to demonstrate in one’s physical actions.”

Therefore, Iman is the soul of hearts and bodies. It is the key to happiness. It is the mean of salvation in this life and the next. It brings contentment and satisfaction to the heart. Moreover, the higher a person climbs in the levels of iman, the more he is entitled to taste and cherish the sweetness of iman. and his soul (the true soul) gets satisfaction from it.

Just as Islam has five pillars (please recall the assignment 29), so Iman also has six pillars, taught to us by the Prophet (saws). Six pillars that every Muslim has to believe in them, accept them wholeheartedly, and be fully convinced with them.

These six pillars are, to believe in:

  • Allah (ṣubḥānahū wa ta’ālā);

  • His Angels;

  • His Messengers;

  • His Books;

  • The Last Day (Day of Resurrection and Judgement); and

  • Fate and destiny, whether it seems good or bad.

Anything to do with faith is best known through a divine revelation. That’s why Prophets and Messengers were chosen from among us and sent to guide us and teach what we need to know. Thus, best to learn the concept of Iman from is the Prophet Muhammad(saw).

Components of Iman:

The true fact of iman that our beloved Prophet Muhammad(saw) brought to us is based on three components, of which if any of it is missing, the iman may not be valid and may not be considered as a genuine one. These three components are:

    1. To believe with the heart;

    2. To confess with the tongue;

    3. And to demonstrate (has been possessed in the heart and uttered with the tongue) in physical action.

In fact, the second and the third parts (components) are true reflections of what the heart is carrying. In other words, the heart is a common ground for what the tongue expresses and what the body physically demonstrates.



Deeds with rewards equivalent to Hajj & Umrah in our daily life

It is very easy to feel sad these days when seeing others prepare to perform hajj and you are unable, either due to financial reasons, family obligations, or any other reason that may exist.

“Those actions that can substitute for hajj and umrah when one is unable to perform them” he says the following:

Hajj is one of the best actions that a person can perform; consequently, many people want to perform it, but so many people are unable, especially every year. Likewise, Allah has placed a yearning in the hearts of believers to go to His magnificent house (i.e. Al Masjid Al Haram), but not everyone can get there. For these reasons, Allah has legislated for His servants substitute actions to perform that will allow them to attain the reward of those who perform hajj.

In Al Tirmidhi, it is reported that the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – said, “Whoever prays the fajr prayer, sits in the place where he prayed, remembers Allah until sunrise, and then prays two units of prayer will get the reward like one who has performed hajj or umrah perfectly.” The Messenger of Allah – peace and blessings be upon him – then said, “Perfectly, perfectly, perfectly.”

Those who attend the Friday prayers are also said to get the reward of one who performs a non-obligatory hajj. Saeed bin Al Musayyib said, “Attending the Friday prayer is more beloved to me than performing a non-obligatory hajj.”

The Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – has also likened the one who comes early to the Friday prayer like one who sacrifices an animal in Al Masjid Al Haram.

In his book Al Taarikh, Ibn Asaakir narrates from Al Awza’i, who said, “Yunus bin Maysarah bin Halbas passed by a cemetery in an area known as Bab Toumaa. He said, ‘As salamu alaykum, inhabitants of this cemetery. You have preceded us, and we are following behind you. May Allah show mercy to and forgive both us and you, for we are soon to meet the fate that you have met.’ Allah then caused the soul of one of the cemetery’s inhabitants to be returned to him. Thereafter, the inhabitant replied, ‘Glad tidings to the living who perform Hajj four times in one month.’ Yunus said, ‘To where do we perform Hajj four times in one month?’ The inhabitant replied, ‘To Friday prayers. Were you not aware that Friday prayers are like a pious, accepted hajj?’ Yunus then asked, ‘What is the best action you performed while alive?’ The inhabitant replied, ‘Seeking Allah’s forgiveness.’ Yunus followed, ‘Why did you not return the greeting of al salaam when I greeted you?’ The inhabitant responded, ‘Worldly person, we can no longer say, ‘As salamu alakum,’ or perform other good deeds. We cannot increase in righteous actions or remove any evil we have done. Our accounts have already been tabulated.’”

In the Sunan of Abu Dawud, it is reported that the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – said, “Whoever purifies himself for prayer at home and then leaves his home to perform a mandatory prayer will get the reward of one who has performed hajj in a state of religious sanctity. Likewise, whoever purifies himself for prayer at home and leaves his home to perform the forenoon prayer (i.e. salat al duhaa) will get the reward of one who has performed umrah.

In the narration of Anas, the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – advised a man to be good to his mother and said, “You will be a pilgrim performing hajj, a pilgrim performing umrah, and a striver in the way of Allah,” by being good to his mother.

Some of the companions of the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – would say, “Going out to the Eid Al Fitr prayer is like umrah while going out to Eid Al Adhaa prayer is like hajj.”

Al Hasan (i.e. Al Basri) said, “Hastening to the aid of your fellow Muslim is better for you than performing one hajj after the other.”

Uqbah bin Abdul Gaafir said, “Praying the isha prayer in congregation is equivalent in reward to performing hajj. Likewise, performing the fajr prayer in congregation is equivalent in reward to performing umrah.” Abu Hurairah once said to a man, “Your going to the masjid early is more beloved to me than our fighting alongside the Messenger of Allah – peace and blessings be upon him,” as reported by Imam Ahmad.

Performing any obligatory action is better than performing a non-obligatory hajj or umrah, or any other non-obligatory action for that matter. This is because Allah’s servants do not draw nearer to Him with anything more beloved to Him than those things that He has made mandatory for them to perform. Some of the scholars of old used to say, “Leaving off an ounce of what Allah hates is better to me than performing five hundred pilgrimages to Makkah.”

Refraining from partaking in that which is forbidden is better than all non-obligatory acts, including hajj, and it is more difficult to do. Al Fudhail bin Ayadh said, “Neither hajj, remaining in the Masjid from one prayer to the next, nor striving in the way of Allah is more difficult than guarding one’s tongue. If one were to constantly think about the slips of his tongue, he would become severely depressed.” The standard of righteousness is not simply the righteous actions that one performs; rather, it is the righteousness and piety of the heart and purifying one’s heart of sin. The travels of this world are performed by one’s body while travel towards the hereafter is performed by one’s heart.


ASSIGNMENT 3 – The Virtue Of Saying: Subhaan-Allaahi Wa Bihamdihi

The Virtue Of Saying: Subhaan-Allaahi Wa Bihamdihi (سبحان الله و بحمده )

DEFINITION: – سبحان الله و بحمده – Subhaan-Allahi wa bihamdihi [Allaah is free from imperfection and all praise is due to Him]

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azhim [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection)’.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “He who utters a hundred times in a day these words: `La ilaha illallahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli sha’in Qadir (there is no true god except Allah. He is One and He has no partner with Him; His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent),’ he will have a reward equivalent to that for emancipating ten slaves, a hundred good deeds will be recorded to his credit, hundred of his sins will be blotted out from his scroll, and he will be safeguarded against the devil on that day till the evening; and no one will exceed him in doing more excellent good deeds except someone who has recited these words more often than him. And he who utters: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’ one hundred times a day, his sins will be obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the ocean.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me, “Shall I tell you the expression that is most loved by Allah?” It is `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi’ (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’.” [Muslim].

Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “For him who says: `Subhan-Allahi wa bi hamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection, and I begin with praising Him, and to Him),’ a palm-tree will be planted in Jannah.” [At-Tirmidhi].

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “He who recites in the morning and in the evening the statement: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with praising Him)’ one hundred times, will not be surpassed on the Day of Resurrection by anyone with better deeds than one who utters the same words or utters more of these words.” [Muslim].


Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib said, “The clean heart is the sound heart.” This is the heart of the believer, for the heart of the disbeliever and the hypocrite is sick.

Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (ibn Al-Qayyim) elucidates seven conditions that we, as Muslims must possess for our hearts to be saleem.

1) First is that we must establish a sense of belonging to the next world & to think about the deception of this life.

2) Our hearts must begin to feel remorse and anguish upon committing sins.

3) The third attribute of a healthy heart is that the person is more upset if they miss their daily recitation of Qur’an or Dhikr than if they lost wealth.

4) The fourth attribute of a heart that is saleem is that it finds greater pleasure in worshipping Allah, than in food and drink.

5) The fifth attribute is that the person is very concerned with doing deeds solely for the sake of Allah.

6) The sixth attribute, then of a heart that is saleem, is that when we stand up for prayer, our worries and concerns leave us.

7) One who has a healthy heart is more stingy about wasting time than the greedy or stingy person is about their wealth. We must begin to take advantage of our time, as an opportunity to do acts that will be pleasing to Allah. We cannot afford to waste time, or spend it idly.


1)Find a ayat in quran in which asma ul husna is mentioned(except surah araf ayat 180)? [Not the names of allah but the word asma ul husna]

  • Al-hashr verse 22-24

  • Al-isra verse 110

  • At taha verse 8

2)What is ismi azam? What is the benefit of reading it(answer with authentic hadith)??

Ismi azam is the greatest name of Allah that is mentioned in the Quran and hadiths. It is that name or names of Allah when called upon, Du’aas are accepted.

Imam Jazri (Rahmatullaahi Alayh) has recorded a few Ahaadeeth in his compilation ‘Al Hisnul Haseen’ related to the Isme A’zam. In the end he writes that according to him, the following words contain the Isme A’zam:

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْـحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ

Allaamah Suyooti has recorded twenty opinions with regard to the Isme A’zam. Among them is the opinion that the name ALLAH is the Isme A’zam. (Al Durrul Munazzam fil Ismil Mu’azzam P1).

Some say that it is the Du’aa of Nabi Yunus (Alayhis Salaam) he recited when in the stomach of the whale.

In short, there are many opinions and all can be correct. All the names of Allah are great, powerful and beneficial. Any Divine name taken with sincerity, devotion and dedication while fulfilling the preconditions of Du’aa, i.e. Taqwa, abstinence from sin, Halaal earnings, etc. will reap benefit. On the other hand, if even the Isme A’zam is recited without these conditions fulfilled, that Du’aa can be rejected.

Two hadiths that mark its importance are:

1) The Prophet (saw) remarked: “He has supplicated Allah using His Greatest Name (Ism al Azeem), when supplicated with He answers and when asked by He gives.”

(Abu Dawud 1490, al Tirmidhi 3621gharib but has other routes”, al Nasai 1291, Ibn Majah 3881, Sahih Ibn Hibban 894 “sahih“, al Hakim 1810sahih“)

2) Narated By Anas Malik : I was sitting with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and a man was offering prayer. He then made supplication: O Allah, I ask Thee by virtue of the fact that praise is due to Thee, there is no deity but Thou, Who showest favour and beneficence, the Originator of the Heavens and the earth, O Lord of Majesty and Splendour, O Living One, O Eternal One.

The Prophet (pbuh) then said: He has supplicated Allah using His Greatest Name, when supplicated by this name, He answers, and when asked by this name He gives. [Abu Dawud Book 002, Hadith Number 1490, Chapter : Supplications.]